RLA Guide to Energy Performance Certificates

When is an EPC needed?

Where a dwelling is being let an Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) will be required.

An EPC is required as follows:-

  • Individual house/dwelling (i.e. a self contained property with its own kitchen/bathroom facilities) - one EPC for the dwelling.
  • Self contained flats (i.e. each behind its own front door with its own kitchen/bathroom facilities) - one EPC per flat.
  • Bedsits or room lets where there is a shared kitchen, toilet and/or bathroom (e.g. a property where each room has its own tenancy agreement) - No EPC is required.
  • Shared flats/houses (e.g. a letting of a whole flat or house to students/young professionals etc on a single tenancy agreement) - one EPC for the whole house.
  • Mixed self contained and non self contained accommodation - one EPC for each self contained flat/unit but no EPC for the remainder of the property.
  • A room in a hall of residence or hostel - no EPC is required.

There are fixed penalties for failing to provide an EPC/make one available when required. The fixed penalty for dwellings is £200 per dwelling. There is a six month time limit for any enforcement action to be taken.

What changes have been made?

Changes took effect as from the 9th January 2013 as follows:-

  • Property advertisements must contain the asset rating ie. the EPC rating for the property and the SAP rating where an EPC is available.
  • The requirement for Property Particulars to be accompanied by a copy of the first page of the EPC has been scrapped. However, these must show the EPC rating and the SAP rating for the property if an EPC is available.
  • It is intended that listed buildings and ancient monuments should be excluded from the need for an EPC but it is doubtful that the wording of the relevant exemption achieves this.

In addition, further changes took effect as from 1st October 2015 for new tenancies starting on or after that date. Landlords will now have to provide the EPC to tenants before they can rely on a section 21 notice. Further information on this is available in our Section 21 FAQ.

Everything You Need To Know:

  1. What is a dwelling?
  2. Who provides EPCs?
  3. How long does an EPC last?
  4. What does an EPC do?
  5. What recommendations will an EPC make?
  6. What must the landlord do before letting a dwelling?
  7. What must the landlord do before marketing the property to rent?
  8. When must an EPC be obtained?
  9. What happens if an EPC is not available within 7 days?
  10. What is the responsibility of agents?
  11. When must an EPC be provided?
  12. How to hand over the EPC?
  13. What about property particulars?
  14. What about advertisements?
  15. What happens if an EPC is not available when you prepare an advertisement or particulars for the property?
  16. Who is responsible for an EPC?
  17. What about emergencies?
  18. What about tenancy renewals?
  19. When is an EPC not needed?
  20. For what types of property is an EPC required?
  21. What is likely to be the impact of an EPC on the tenant?
  22. How do you get an EPC?
  23. How are EPCs enforced?
  24. What about getting into the property to have an EPC prepared?
  25. What happens if a property is sub-let?
  26. Who can access EPC's?
  27. Can I opt out of having my EPC data made publicly available?

8 Simple steps to improve the energy performance of your properties

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