A general introduction to legislation relating to HMOs and property licensing. This explains what is an HMO, the different types of licensing and which properties are licensable.
This explains in more detail which properties are subject to different types of HMO licensing, how licensing works and also about temporary exemptions.
Not all HMOs are licensable but non licensable HMOs are subject to the Management Regulations. In the event of overcrowding restrictions can be imposed and in certain situations management of a property can be taken over by the Local Authority.
This deals with the physical conditions/standards in all types of residential accommodation (not just HMOs).
This deals with individual houses etc which are not HMOs.
Fire Safety Legislation applies to all residential rented accommodation and this explains the different rules which operate according to the type of property involved. It has an interactive table to enable the relevant legislation to be identified as it affects the property.
This operates in certain designated areas where there is low housing demand and/or anti social behaviour. Where it applies all privately rented properties require a licence.
This summarises the changes made by the Housing Act 2004.
The definition of a house in multiple occupation is complex. Not all HMOs, however, require a licence. This Section gives detailed guidance as to the rules for determining which properties count as HMOs.
A property is only an HMO if it is not occupied by a single household. Here the definition of "household" is explained.
It is a requirement for a property to be an HMO the property has to be the only/main residence of the occupants but this is also extended to certain other situations. These are explained here.
To be an HMO the only use of the property should be as a residence. However, the residential part of a mixed communal/residential property is still a HMO. HMO declarations can also be made by the local authority to override this requirement.
Rent generally has to be payable for a property to be an HMO.
This can override the requirement that the resident accommodation can only be used as the occupant's only/main residence etc.
This explains how the landlord/his agent becomes responsible for seeing that the legislation is complied with in individual properties.
Not all HMOs are licensable. This Section gives information about those HMOs which are subject to licensing and also those cases where selective licensing applies for all rented properties.
The legislation uses certain technical expressions and in this section these are explained.
Flats are perhaps the most complex area when it comes to working out which properties are HMOs and which are not. In this section detailed guidance is given about how the legislation applies to blocks of flats.
Various properties are exempt from being treated as HMOs at all. These are listed out in this section. However, the HOUSING HEALTH AND SAFETY RATING SYSTEM (HHSRS) still applies.
Here the law is summarised in relation to those HMOs which do not require an HMO licence.
Properties with five or more occupants are subject normally to HMO licensing. This section explains the detailed rules.
Local authorities can impose additional HMO licensing on those HMOs not subject to Mandatory Licensing where there are problems associated with poor management.
This applies in those areas which were subject to old style HMO registration schemes under the old legislation.
Selective licensing applies in designated areas where there is low demand and/or anti social behaviour. This section explains how selective licensing operates.
In this section the procedure for applying for a licence (whether an HMO licence or a selective licence) is explained.
What has to be done to apply for a licence and the information required.
Here an explanation of what criteria have to be met so that a licence can be granted.
This explains the general rules regarding licences once granted.
There are nationally laid down minimum standards which apply to HMOs requiring a licence. Local authorities can impose their own higher requirements.
Property licences will be granted subject to various conditions and these are explained here.
Once granted a licence can be varied or revoked. This section sets out the circumstances in which this can be done.
Licences are non transferable and here we deal with the situation where there is a transfer or sale of the licensed property.
Temporary Exemption Notices provide temporary exemption for properties which would otherwise be subject to HMO licensing or selective licensing. The circumstances in which such a temporary exemption can be granted are detailed here.
These are detailed regulations setting out how an HMO must be managed. They apply whether or not the HMO is licensable.
Even though an HMO does not require a licence if it is overcrowded the local authority can serve notice limiting the number of occupants.
This lays down standards relating to condition in all residential accommodation (including HMOs).
This provides the unique interactive facility to enable you to work out which fire safety legislation applies to a particular property.
This gives guidance on how, in practice, you can comply with the various requirements for fire safety depending on which particular legislation applies.
This gives an explanation of how building regulations deal with fire safety when building work is carried out.
There are standards to be observed in relation to fire safety for all rented accommodation (not just HMOs)
The Fire Safety Order applies to all non domestic premises which includes the common parts of flats and HMOs. This section explains what are the requirements of the Fire Safety Order including risk assessments.
This gives general guidance about how to carry out a fire safety risk assessment.
HMO Management Regulations which apply to all HMOs lay down regulations to ensure that fire precautions are properly maintained.
Where an HMO licence applies then licence conditions can, in certain circumstances, be imposed in relation to fire safety.
The definition of an HMO for planning purposes is now different to that for housing/environmental health purposes. Here the rules relating to planning and HMOs are explained.
Likewise, there is a different definition of an HMO for Council Tax purposes. This affects both banding and the liability to pay Council Tax. This section explains the rules in respect of Council Tax.
There is now a requirement for a public register of HMOs and other related information.
Appeals in respect of HMOs, HHSRS and licensing go to the Residential Property Tribunal. This explains what the Tribunal can do.
If a property is not licensed when it should be and in certain other circumstances a management order can be made by the local authority which enables it effectively to take over the running of the property.
The intention in due course is that there should be a Code of Practice for all HMOs. Currently there are only codes of practice relating to certain educational institutions.
In this section we identify and discuss situations where the law is not clear. Different possible interpretations are explained.